A share is a security that certifies the share in a company. Through the share, one owns a part of the company and becomes a shareholder of the company. As a shareholder, one has certain participation rights in the company.
Stock corporations (AG)
Corporations use shares as a financing instrument. The invested capital of the shareholders can be used by the company as equity.
The shares of listed companies can be traded on the stock exchange. The price of the share, i.e. the current price is formed from supply and demand. By purchasing the shares, the shareholders participate in the success of the company. The profit is paid out to them in the form of dividends.